Wednesday, May 13, 2015

The Double-Logos of Hebrews 4:12–13

A new article on Hebrews has appeared in the Journal of Theological Interpretation:

Rebekah Eklund. "'To Us, the Word': The Double-λόγος of Hebrews 4:12–13." Journal of Theological Interpretation 9.1 (Spring 2015): 101–16.

Wednesday, April 29, 2015

Resurrection in Hebrews

A recent issue of The Southern Baptist Journal of Theology  has an article on resurrection in Hebrews. The full issue is available as a pdf download. Downloads of individual articles are also available.

David Schrock. "Resurrection and Priesthood: Christological Soundings from the Book of Hebrews." The Southern Baptist Journal of Theology 18.4 (2014): 89–114.

Friday, April 24, 2015

Mosser Reviews Calaway's, The Sabbath and the Sanctuary

In the latest round of RBL reviews Carl Mosser reviews Jared Calaway's monograph:

Jared C. Calaway. The Sabbath and the Sanctuary: Access to God in the Letter to the Hebrews and Its Priestly Context.

Manson Article Added

Now added to the Articles and Essays page:

Manson, T. W. “The Problem of the Epistle to the Hebrews.” Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 32 (1949): 1–17.

Monday, April 20, 2015

New Book on Hebrews . . . in Catalan!

Jordi Cervera, professor at the Facultat de Teologia de Catalunya in Barcelona, Spain, has informed me that his book on Hebrews is coming out soon:

Jordi Cervera i Valls. Jesús en la Carta als Hebreus: Una cristologia de Matriu Jueva. Col·lectània Sant Pacià 110.

"El discurs de la Carta als Hebreus s’escriu esguardant el cel i convidant a fer el mateix, eixamplant horitzons i mostrant el destí final dels creients. El cel d’Hebreus no és informe i eteri, sinó a manera de santuari on reposa—en el lloc més sagrat— l’excelsitud de la Majestat divina amb Jesús assegut a la seva dreta. Els destinataris són convidats a pujar vers aquests espais, aprofitant el decisiu moment escatològic: són els darrers temps inaugurats amb l’encarnació de Jesús, uns temps messiànics que romanen oberts gràcies a la seva ascensió al cel i que es clouran amb el seu retorn definitiu. Els  creients han d’aprofitar l’avinentesa d’aquest apropament excepcional entre cel i terra, que obre un camí segur i directe a Déu i que passa per Jesucrist. Es tracta d’un recorregut que comença d’una manera responsable i compromesa en els espais terrenals i que culminarà en les altures, al costat del qui ha inaugurat aquest accés. Hebreus esdevé una aturada per reagrupar els creients i cohesionar-los, per encoratjar-los a la perseverança tot admirant el gran sacerdot Jesucrist, que els facilita el camí mitjançant la seva intercessió, i els espera a la fi del trajecte amb les portes del cel obertes."

My rough translation:
The discourse of the Letter to the Hebrews is written gazing towards heaven and inviting (others) to do the same by broadening horizons and showing the final destiny of believers. The heaven of Hebrews is not formless and ethereal, but rather a sanctuary where rests—in the holiest place—the sublimeness of the divine majesty with Jesus sitting on his right hand. The recipients are invited to ascend towards these spaces, taking advantage of the decisive eschatological moment: they are in the last times beginning with the incarnation of Jesus, a messianic time that remains open thanks to his ascension into heaven and that ends with his final return. Believers must take advantage of this unique approach between heaven and earth, which opens a sure and direct path to God and which happens through Jesus Christ. It is a journey that begins in a responsible and committed way in earthly spaces and culminates in the heights, to the side of the one who opened this access. Hebrews becomes a stop to regroup believers and unite them, to encourage them to persevere while admiring the great priest Jesus Christ, who facilitates the way through his intercession, and awaits at the end of the journey with the gates of heaven opened.

Tuesday, April 14, 2015

The Problem of Peak in Hebrews

The NT journal Neotestamentica has a new article on Hebrews: 

Heath, David M. “The Problem of Peak in Hebrews.” Neotestamentica 48.2 (2014): 405–16.

"Scholars use various terms for the phenomenon of discourse peak. Only in the last forty years have some scholars suggested different types of peak. This study explores the application of multiple types of peak in the book of Hebrews. The problem of peak in Hebrews is evident by the diverse assertions concerning linguistic peaks by Neeley (1987), Guthrie (1994), and Westfall (2005) and the discrepancies of these peaks with the chiastic centre in Hebrews 8 as asserted by Vaganay (1940), Vanhoye (1977, 1989), Neeley (1987, 63), Gelardini (2009) and Heath (2011). Until more refinement of the notion of discourse peak and uniformity of terms emerges, it may be helpful to analyse the peaks of biblical texts in light of their natures (thematic peak, climax, and apex)."

Neotestamentica Articles Added

I have discovered that the African Journal Archive contains archives of Neotestamentica through the year 2000. Neotestamentica published an issue dedicated to Hebrews in 1971. Here are the articles, which have been added to my Articles page:

Fensham, F. C. “Hebrews and Qumrân.” Neotestamentica 5 (1971): 9–21.

Combrink, H. J. B. “Some Thoughts on the OldTestament Citations in the Epistle to the Hebrews.” Neotestamentica 5 (1971): 22–36.

Pretorius, E. A. C. “ΔΙΑΘΗΚΗ in the Epistle to the Hebrews.” Neotestamentica 5 (1971): 37–50.

Vorster, W. S. “The Meaning of ΠΑΡΡΗΣΙΑ in the Epistle to the Hebrews.” Neotestamentica 5 (1971): 51–59.

Lombard, H. A. “Katápausis in the Letter to the Hebrews.” Neotestamentica 5 (1971): 60–71.

Floor, L. “The General Priesthood of Believers in the Epistle to the Hebrews.” Neotestamentica 5 (1971): 72–82.

Waal, C. van der. “‘The People of God’ in the Epistle to the Hebrews.” Neotestamentica 5 (1971): 83–92.

In addition, Neotestamentica has published other articles on Hebrews through the years:

Wiid, J. S. “The Testamental Significance of διαθήκη in Hebrews 9:15–22.” Neotestamentica 26.1 (1992): 149–58.

Punt, Jeremy. “Hebrews, Thought-Patterns and Context: Aspects of the Background of Hebrews.” Neotestamentica 3 (1997): 119–58.

Steyn, Gert Jacobus. “A Quest for the Vorlage of the ‘Song of Moses’ (Deut 32) Quotations in Hebrews.” Neotestamentica 34 (2000): 263–72.

For articles published after 2000, check my Articles page. 

Repetition in Hebrews

Nicholas Moore has informed me that his thesis has now been published. Congratulations to him!

Nicholas J. Moore. Repetition in Hebrews: Plurality and Singularity in the Letter to the Hebrews, Its Ancient Context, and the Early Church. WUNT II 388. Mohr Siebeck, 2015.

Thursday, March 26, 2015

New Article on Anti-Jewish Interpretations of Hebrews

Jody A. Barnard. "Anti-Jewish Interpretations of Hebrews: Some Neglected Factors." Melilah 11 (2014): 25–52.

"Perhaps one of the most significant developments within contemporary Jewish Studies is the reclamation of the New Testament. The recovery of this particular part of Jewish history, however, has highlighted the problem of anti-Semitism that has for so long been associated with these documents. Although there is nothing as brazen as the Matthean ‘blood cry’ (Mt. 27:25), or the Johannine denouncement of ‘the Jews’ (e.g. Jn. 8:44), Hebrews is often placed among the most anti-Jewish texts of the New Testament. Key themes contributing to this perception are mainly found in the central section which paints Jesus as the eternal high priest, who offers the definitive means of atonement, and inaugurates the superior new covenant. On the other hand, it is often noted that this ‘radical supersessionism’, as it has been called, must be qualified by the author’s own Jewish identity and context, making charges of anti-Judaism, or even anti-Semitism, somewhat misleading, not to mention anachronistic. This paper revisits the anti-Jewish character of Hebrews in the light of recent developments in Jewish and New Testament Studies, showing how the classifications of this text as ‘anti-Jewish’ are not as straightforward as many have supposed."

HT: Nicholas Moore

Tuesday, March 24, 2015

New Article on Perfection in Hebrews

Timothy Luckritz Marquis. "Perfection Perfected: The Stoic 'Self-Eluding Sage' and Moral Progress in Hebrews." Novum Testamentum 57.2 (2015): 187–205.

"Hebrews evinces the linked exegetical aporiae of, on the one hand, tension between the asserted perfection of the believer and exhortations to further perfection and, on the other, a similar tension between Christ’s exalted, preexistent nature and claims about his need for further perfection during his earthly life. The paper proposes the Stoic figure of the “self-eluding sage” as a helpful contextual analogue for explaining the indicative-imperative problem in Hebrews. Originally a product of early epistemological debates among Hellenistic philosophical schools, the “self-eluding sage” (διαλεληθὼς σοφός) was deployed by Philo and Plutarch in Roman-era debates on the nature of moral progress. Terminological and structural similarities between discussions of the Stoic figure and discussions of progress in Hebrews (especially 5:14-6:3) help contextualize the speech’s concern for moral insight and improvement within a general Roman-era focus on moral progress toward filling communal roles."

Monday, March 16, 2015

Jared Compton's New Book on Hebrews

Bloomsbury T & T Clark is giving advance notice of the publication of Jared Compton's monograph on Hebrews:

Jared Compton. Psalm 110 and the Logic of Hebrews.

The PDF version is coming out July 30, but the print version will be on September 24.

Friday, March 6, 2015

Fred Craddock (1928–2015)

Word is getting out on FB that Fred Craddock, Bandy Professor Preaching and New Testament, Emeritus, at Candler School of Theology, has passed away. While he is most noted for his contribution to homiletics, he has also made contributions to NT studies, including commentaries on Luke, Philippians, and 1 & 2 Peter and Jude. His commentary on Hebrews is found in The New Interpreter's Bible commentary. R.I.P.

Wednesday, March 4, 2015

New Articles on Hebrews Added

Rob Bradshaw continues to digitize articles to make them available via the internet. Recently, he had made available the first four series of The Expositor. Hence, I have been able to add new links to numerous articles on Hebrews (many of which I was not aware of until now):

Balfour, R. G. “The First Principles of the Doctrine of Christ (Heb. vi. 1,2)." Expositor. Third Series, 8.6 (1888): 438–47.

Beet, Joseph Agar. “The Doctrine of the Atonement in the New Testament: VII. The Epistle to the Hebrews.” Expositor. Fourth Series, 6.2 (1892): 132–43.

Beet, Joseph Agar. “Hebrews VI. 4–6.” Expositor. Fourth Series, 8.2 (1893): 119–25.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. I. Introductory.” Expositor. Third Series, 7.3 (1888): 161–79.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. II. Christ and the Prophets (Chap. I. 1–4). Expositor. Third Series, 7.5 (1888): 341–53.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. III. Christ and the Angels (Chap. I. 5–14; II. 1–4)." Expositor. Third Series, 8.2 (1888): 81–99.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. IV. The Great Salvation, Wherein It Consists, and How It Has Been Obtained (Chap. II. 5–18).” Expositor. Third Series, 8.5 (1888): 359–79.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. V. The Captain of Salvation (Chap. II. 10).” Expositor. Third Series, 8.6 (1888): 447–61.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. VI. The Way of Salvation (Chap. II. 11–18).” Expositor. Third Series, 8.6 (1888): 81–99.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. VII. Christ and Moses (Chap. III.).” Expositor. Third Series, 9.3 (1889): 161–79.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. VIII. The Gospel of Rest (Chap. IV.).” Expositor. Third Series, 9.4 (1889): 272–89.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. IX. Christ Not a Self-Elected, but a God-Appointed Priest (Chap. V. 1–10).” Expositor. Third Series, 9.5 (1889): 351–68.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. X. The Teacher’s Complaint (Chap. V. 11–14; VI. 1–8).” Expositor. Third Series, 9.6 (1889): 415–33.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. XI. The Teacher’s Charity (Chap. VI. 9–20).” Expositor. Third Series, 10.1 (1889): 35–51.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. XII. The Order of Melchizedek (Chap. VII. 1–10).” Expositor. Third Series, 10.2 (1889): 90–107.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. XIII. The Priest after the Order of Melchizedek (Chap. VII. 11–28).” Expositor. Third Series, 10.3 (1889): 189–210.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. XIV. Christ and Aaron (Chap. VIII.).” Expositor. Third Series, 10.4 (1889): 288–302.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. XV. The Ancient Tabernacle (Chap. IX. 1–10).” Expositor. Third Series, 10.6 (1889): 422–37.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. XVI. The More Excellent Ministry (Chap. IX. 11–14).” Expositor. Fourth Series, 1.2 (1890): 148–60.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. XVI. The More Excellent Ministry (concluded).” Expositor. Fourth Series, 1.3 (1890): 226–37.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. XVII. The New Covenant (Chap. IX. 15–28).” Expositor. Fourth Series, 1.5 (1890): 351–65.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. XVIII. Shadow and Substance (Chap. X. 1–18).” Expositor. Fourth Series, 1.6 (1890): 436–51.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. XIX. Draw Near! (Chap. X. 19–31).” Expositor. Fourth Series, 2.2 (1890): 131–44.

Bruce, A. B. “The Epistle to the Hebrews. XX. Not of Them Who Draw Back! (Chap. X. 25 to XII. 29).” Expositor. Fourth Series, 2.3 (1890): 194–207.

Cox, Samuel. “Enoch’s Gospel: Genesis v. 21–24; Hebrews xi. 5, 6; Jude 14, 15.” Expositor, Second Series 7.5 (1884): 321–45.

D’Arcy, Charles F. “‘It Became Him. (Heb. II. 10).” Expositor. Fourth Series 4.1 (1891): 34–41.

Davidson, A. B. “‘Crowned with Glory and Honour.’ (Heb. II. 9.).” Expositor. Third Series, 9 (1889): 115–21.

Findlay, G. G. “Jesus Crowned for Death. Hebrews II. 5–9.” Expositor. Third Series, 9.3 (1889): 222–31.

Godet, Frederic. “The Epistle to the Hebrews: The Note of Warning to the Judeo-Christian Churches.” Expositor. Third Series, 7.4 (1888): 241–65.

Keating, H. S. “On Hebrews ix. 16, 17.” Expositor. Third Series, 4 (1886): 240.

Matheson, George. “Christianity and Judaism. Hebrews 1.1,2.” Expositor. First Series, 10.4 (1879): 275–91.

Milligan, Wm. “Hebrews VI. 4–6.” Expositor. Fourth Series, 7.5 (1893): 367–77.

Milligan, Wm. “Hebrews VI. 4–6.” Expositor. Fourth Series, 7.6 (1893): 443–53.

Murphy, Joseph John. “The Anchor of Hope: Romans viii. 24; Hebrews vi. 19.” Expositor, Second Series 5.6 (1883): 435–42.

Salmon, George. “The Keynote of the Epistle to the Hebrews.” Expositor. Second Series, 3 (1882): 81–93.

Smith, W. Robertson. “Christ and the Angels: Hebrews 1.” Expositor. Second Series, 1 (1881): 25–33.

Smith, W. Robertson. “Christ and the Angels: Hebrews ii. 1–9.” Expositor. Second Series, 1 (1881): 138–47.

Smith, W. Robertson. "Christ and the Angels: Hebrews ii. 10." Expositor. Second Series, 1 (1881): 418–427.

Smith, W. Robertson. “Christ and the Angels: Hebrews ii. 11–17.” Expositor. Second Series, 3 (1882): 63–79.

Smith, W. Robertson. “Christ and the Angels: Hebrews ii. Ver. 17, 18.” Expositor. Second Series, 3 (1882): 128–39.

Watson, Robert A. “The Shepherd, God and Man. Heb. XIII. 20, 21.” Expositor. Fourth Series, 9.3 (1894): 239–40.

Westcott, Brooke Foss. “Christus Consummator: Lessons from the Epistle to the Hebrews. I. The Trials of a New Age.” Expositor, Third Series 3.1 (1886): 1–9.

Westcott, Brooke Foss. “Christus Consummator: Lessons from the Epistle to the Hebrews. II. The Destiny of Man Fulfilled by Christ through Suffering.” Expositor, Third Series 3.2 (1886): 127–35.

Westcott, Brooke Foss. “Christus Consummator: Lessons from the Epistle to the Hebrews. III. The King Priest.” Expositor, Third Series 3.3 (1886): 193–201.

Westcott, Brooke Foss. “Christus Consummator: Lessons from the Epistle to the Hebrews. IV. The Universal Society.” Expositor, Third Series 3.4 (1886): 275–84.

Westcott, Brooke Foss. “Christus Consummator: Lessons from the Epistle to the Hebrews. V. The New Covenant.” Expositor, Third Series 3.5 (1886): 346–54.

These additions have put us well over the milestone of 400 articles.

Hebrews Highlights February 2015

February was a slow month for blog posts on Hebrews.

Jared Calaway has posted the abstract for his recent paper, "Jesus as Creator, Sustainer, and Destroyer in Hebrews."

I have about a half dozen books to review for this blog and hope to have these review up very soon in the upcoming weeks. I have had other writing projects that have taken priority, not to mention that my full-time job takes much of my time.

Long's Short Review of O'Brien's Commentary

Phillip Long reviews Peter O'Brien's commentary on The Letter to the Hebrews in the Pillar Commentary series.

Friday, February 27, 2015

Exploring the High Priesthood of Jesus in Early Christian Sources

New article on Hebrews:

Filtvedt, Ole Jakob, and Martin Wessbrandt. "Exploring the High Priesthood of Jesus in Early Christian Sources." Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 106.1 (2015): 96–114.


"Das Faktum, dass der Hebräerbrief die einzige neutestamentliche Schrift ist, in der explizit von Jesus als Hohepriester gesprochen wird, hat Ausleger zu der Annahme verleitet, dass diese christologische Konzeption auf den anonymen Autor des Briefes zurückgeht. Sowohl textinterne als auch externe Indizien legen jedoch nahe, dass der Hohepriestertitel seinen Ursprung im Gottesdienst der frühen Kirche hat. Der Autor des Hebräerbriefes scheint die Vertrautheit der Adressaten mit dem Titel vorauszusetzen, wobei bestimmte Eigenheiten des Textes auf eine Verbindung zu einem gottesdienstlichen Kontext verweisen. Diese These wird durch eine Untersuchung des Gebrauches dieser Konzeption bei den so genannten Apostolischen Vätern untermauert."

My rough translation:

"The fact that Hebrews is the only New Testament writing, in which  Jesus is spoken of as high priest, has misled interpreters to believe that this christological idea goes back to the anonymous author of the letter. Both internal and external textual evidence, however, suggests that the high priest title has its origins in the worship of the early church. The author of Hebrews seems to presuppose the addressees' familiarity with the title, wherein certain characteristics of the text refer to a connection to a worship context. This thesis is supported by a study of the use of this idea in the so-called Apostolic Fathers."

HT: Bobby Jamieson

Beavis on Hebrews and Wisdom

Larry Hurtado comments upon Mary Ann Beavis's article, "Hebrews and Wisdom" in the Festschrift, Mark, Manuscripts, and Monotheism: Essays in Honor of Larry W. Hurtado, eds. Chris Keith & Dieter T. Roth (London:  Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2015), 201-18.

Thursday, February 12, 2015

New Commentary by Vanhoye

The latest academic catalog of Paulist Press is announcing a new commentary by Albert Vanhoye, one of the leading Hebrews' scholars. I cannot find it on Paulist Press' website, but Amazon is announcing that it will be coming out on July 28 of this year.

I am wondering how this commentary will differ from his commentary with Convivium Press, which came out in 2011 (See my review).

Friday, February 6, 2015

Hebrews at the Midwest Regional SBL

There will be several papers on Hebrews given at the Midwest Regional Society of Biblical Literature this coming weekend:

Saturday, February 7

Chair: Mike Kibbe, Wheaton College

Jared Calaway, Illinois College
Jesus as Creator, Sustainer, and Destroyer in Hebrews

Carl Mosser, University of Notre Dame
Humanity Crowned with Glory and Honor: Hebrews 2, Psalm 8, and the Patristic Doctrine of Deification

Sunday, February 8

Chair: Amy L. B. Peeler, Wheaton College

Erhard H. Gallos, Andrews University
What “Rest” Remains? A Close Reading of Hebrews 4

Justin Duff, Grand Rapids Theological Seminary
Covenant Death and Cleansing Blood in Hebrews 9:15-20

Sze Suze Lau, Polytechnic Univ. of Hong Kong/Anglican Minghua College
Hurst’s Remix: Mosaic and Platonic Conception of Priesthood in Hebrews 8