Thursday, April 23, 2009

Crosby on Hebrews 10:26-27

Crosby, Howard. "Heb. x. 26-27." Journal of the Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis 7 (Dec 1887): 1-2.

Howard Crosby (1826-1891) was appointed professor of Greek at New York University in 1851 and at Rutgers College in 1859. He was chancellor of New York University, 1870-1881. He was also a Presbyterian minister, serving churches in Brunswick, NJ and in NYC.

Crosby takes issue with the KJV translation of Hebrews 10:26-27 which reads as follows:

"For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries."

First, "judgment" (κρισεως) and "indignation" (ζη should not be coordinated. Instead "the fearful looking for" should be paralleled with "indignation" (since both are in the nominative case).

Second, he doesn't like the use of the word "certain" in this context since readers would regard it as a translation of βεβαια rather than τις.

Third, Crosby believes that both "fire" and "judgment" are personified. It is not humans who expect judgment, the expectation belongs to judgment. In the same way, fire seeks to devour its victims. Crosby states, "We thus have two contrasted pictures. On one side is the sacrifice for sins burning on the altar, and on the other is stern judgment waiting to strike, and the penal fire (not the altar's fire) crouching like a tiger to spring upon its victim."

No comments:

Post a Comment