The author of Hebrews directly shames his audience in 5.11-12:‘you have become νωθροι in hearing ... you need someone toteach you ... You need milk not solid food’. Taking intoaccount occurrences in other literature, νωθροι in Heb. 5.11 and6.12 is best translated as ‘unambitious’, connotinga shameful failure to recognize and act on advantages. Mappingthe use of emotion in Hebrews with Aristotle’s definitionsreveals that this direct shaming is unique and critical to theargument of the epistle. The hearers may dismiss warnings ofGod’s wrath as relevant to others but not themselves.Shame in 5.11—6.12 makes this fear personal
The title of this blog is taken from the opening words of the Greek text of the Book of Hebrews and may be translated "in many and various ways" (NRSV). This blog will explore the many and various ways in which the Book of Hebrews has been interpreted throughout the centuries.
Expect to see resources on Hebrews, reviews and summaries about articles and books on Hebrews, news about research in Hebrews, information about websites dedicated to Hebrews, and anything else pertinent to the study of Hebrews.
Disclaimer: This blog is a service to the church and academia. Posting resources on this blog, does not necessarily constitute an endorsement of the views expressed in any of these resources. I trust that my learned readers can use the resources appropriately and make up their own minds regarding the quality and accuracy of these resources.
The picture in the heading is of P46, the oldest, extant manuscript containing the Book of Hebrews.
I completed my Ph.D. in New Testament at Baylor University in May 2012. I have taught undergraduate courses for Baylor University, Gardner-Webb University, Bluefield College, and the University of Kentucky, and I was an adjunct instructor for Wesley Seminary of Indiana Wesleyan University. I am the author of "The Characterization of Jesus in the Book of Hebrews" published with Brill Academic Publishers. I am currently a United Methodist pastor in Grand Rivers, KY.