Jody A. Barnard. "Anti-Jewish Interpretations of Hebrews: Some Neglected Factors." Melilah 11 (2014): 25–52.
"Perhaps one of the most significant developments within contemporary
Jewish Studies is the reclamation of the New Testament. The recovery of
this particular part of Jewish history, however, has highlighted the
problem of anti-Semitism that has for so long been associated with these
documents. Although there is nothing as brazen as the Matthean ‘blood
cry’ (Mt. 27:25), or the Johannine denouncement of ‘the Jews’ (e.g. Jn.
8:44), Hebrews is often placed among the most anti-Jewish texts of the
New Testament. Key themes contributing to this perception are mainly
found in the central section which paints Jesus as the eternal high
priest, who offers the definitive means of atonement, and inaugurates
the superior new covenant. On the other hand, it is often noted that
this ‘radical supersessionism’, as it has been called, must be qualified
by the author’s own Jewish identity and context, making charges of
anti-Judaism, or even anti-Semitism, somewhat misleading, not to mention
anachronistic. This paper revisits the anti-Jewish character of Hebrews
in the light of recent developments in Jewish and New Testament
Studies, showing how the classifications of this text as ‘anti-Jewish’
are not as straightforward as many have supposed."
HT: Nicholas Moore