Saturday, March 21, 2009

Electronic Articles Online

Listed below are online articles on the Book of Hebrews. Many of the articles are in downloadable form, but some are in html format. If you know of other online articles that should be included, please let me know. I will keep a permanent link of this page under Resources in the sidebar.

Aitken, Ellen B. "'Wily, Wise, and Worldy': Instruction and the Formation of Character in the Epistle to the Hebrews." Wisdom and Apocalypticism in Early Judaism and Early Christianity Group. SBL, Toronto, 2002.

Allen, David. "Constructing 'Janus-Faced' Exhortations: The Use of Old Testament Narratives in Heb 13,1-8." Biblica 89.3 (2008): 401-9.

Baigent, John W. "Jesus as Priest: An Examination of the Claim that the Concept of Jesus as Priest may be Found in the New Testament Outside the Epistle to the Hebrews." Vox Evangelica 12 (1981): 34-44.

Bateman, Herbert W. "Psalm 45:6-7 and Its Christological Contibutions to Hebrews." Trinity Journal (Spring 2001).

Bauckham, Richard. "Monotheism and Christology in Hebrews 1." Pages 167-85 in Early Jewish and Christian Monotheism. Edited by Loren T. Stuckenbruck and Wendy E. S. North. 2004.

Bigalke, Ron J. "Hebrews 7 and the Security of the Believer (Oath and Priesthood)." Testamentum Imperium 1 (2005-2007).

Black, David Alan. "The Problem of the Literary Structure of Hebrews: An Evaluation and a Proposal." Grace Theological Journal 7.2 (1986): 163-77.

Blair, Merryl. "'According to the Order of Melchizedek': Hebrews 7 and the Priesthood of Christ."

Bruce, F. F. "Textual Problems in the Epistle to the Hebrews." Pages 27-39 in Scribes and Scripture: New Testament Essays in Honour of J. Harold Greenlee. Edited by David Alan Black. Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 1992.

Carlson, James. "The Irrevocable Nature of Salvation in Hebrews." Testamentum Imperium 2 (2009).

Cockerill, Gareth Lee. "Hebrews 1:6: Source and Significance." Bulletin for Biblical Research 9 (1999): 51-64.

Cockerill, Gareth Lee. "The Better Resurrection (Heb. 11:35): A Key to the Structure and Rhetorical Purpose of Hebrews 11." Tyndale Bulletin 51.2 (2000): 215-34.

Cockerill, Gareth Lee. "Structure and Interpretation in Hebrews 8:1-10:18: A Symphony in Three Movements." Bulletin for Biblical Research 11 (2001): 179-201.

Colijn, Brenda B. "'Let Us Approach': Soteriology in the Epistle to the Hebrews." Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 39.4 (1996): 571-86.

Compton, R. Bruce. "Dispensationalism, the Church, and the New Covenant." Detroit Baptist Seminary Journal 8 (Fall 2003): 3-48. [Contains some discussion of Hebrews]

Compton, R. Bruce. "Persevering and Falling Away: A Reexamination of Hebrews 6:4-6." Detroit Baptist Seminary Journal 1 (Spring 1996): 135-67.

Cortez, Felix H. "'Seeing that you do not refuse the one who is speaking': Hearing God Preach and Obedience in the Letter to the Hebrews." Journal of the Adventist Theological Society 19 (2008): 98-108.

Davis, Casey W. "Hebrews 6:4-6 from an Oral Critical Perspective." Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society (December 2008): 753-68.

Decker, Rodney J. "Hebrews 6:4-6: 'Standing before Nero.'"

Decker, Rodney J. "The Law, the New Covenant, and the Christian: Studies in Hebrews 7-10." Council on Dispensational Hermeneutics, September 2009.

Decker, Rodney J. "The Original Readers of Hebrews."

Decker, Rodney J. "The Warnings of Hebrews Three and Four." Journal of Ministry and Theology 5 (2001): 5-27.

Dennison, Charles G. "The New Heavens and the New: Hebrews 12:26-29."

DeSilva, David A. "Hebrews 6:4-8: A Socio-Rhetorical Investigation (Part 1)." Tyndale Bulletin 50.1 (1999): 33-57.

DeSilva, David A. "Hebrews 6:4-8: A Socio-Rhetorical Investigation (Part 2)." Tyndale Bulletin 50.2 (1999): 225-35.

DeWaay, Bob. "Hebrews 6:4-8 on Apostasy." Critical Issues Commentary.

De Young, James B. "The Heavenly Tabernacle/Temple as Interpretive Guide. Part One: Interpreting Hebrews 9:11-12 in Light of a Biblical Worldview."

De Young, James B. "The Writer to the Hebrews: A Pioneer in Postmodern Evangelical Hermeneutics? or Rediscovering Vulgar Hermeneutics." Paper delivered at the Evangelical Theological Society, 1995.

Ellingworth, Paul. "Reading through Hebrews 1-7: Listening Especially for the Theme of Jesus as High Priest." Epworth Review 12.1 (Jan. 1985): 80-88.

Ellingworth, Paul. "Hebrews and the Anticipation of Completion." Themelios 14.1 (1988): 6-11.

Emmrich, Martin. "'Amtcharisma': Through the Eternal Spirit (Hebrews 9:14)." Bulletin for Biblical Research 12.1 (2002): 17-32.

Enns, Peter E. "Creation and Re-Creation: Psalm 95 and Its Interpretation in Hebrews 3:1-4:13." Westminster Theological Journal 55 (1993): 255-80.

Fairhurst, Alan M. "Hellenistic Influences in the Epistle to the Hebrews." Tyndale Bulletin 7-8 (1961): 17-27.

Finney, Timothy J. "Hebrews 10.11-14 and the Security of the Believer." Testamentum Imperium 1 (2005-2007).

Fitzmyer, J. A. "Melchizedek in the MT, LXX, and the NT." Biblica 81 (2000): 63-69.

France, R. T. "The Writer of Hebrews as a Biblical Expositor." Tyndale Bulletin 47.2 (1996): 245-76.

Fuhrmann, Sebastian. "Christ Grown into Perfection: Hebrews 9,11 from a Christological Point of View." Biblica 89 (2008): 92-100.

Gaffin, Richard B. "Christ, Our High Priest in Heaven."

Gatiss, Lee. "The Function of the Warning Passages in the Structure and Argument of Hebrews."

Gelardini, Gabriella. "From 'Linguistic Turn' and Hebrews Scholarship to Anadiplosa Iterata: The Enigma of a Structure". Harvard Theological Review 102 (2009): 51-73.

Gleason, Randall C. "Angels and the Eschatology of Heb 1-2." New Testament Studies 49 (2003): 90-107.

Gleason, Randall C. "The Eschatology of the Warning in Hebrews 10:26-31." Tyndale Bulletin 53.1 (2002): 97-120.

Granerod, Gard. "Melchizedek in Hebrews 7." Biblica 90 (2009): 188-202.

Groenewald, Alphonso. "Exodus, Psalms and Hebrews: A God Abounding in Steadfast Love (Ex 34:6)." Hervormde Teologiese Studies 64.3 (2008): 1365-78.

Grogan, Geoffrey W. "Christ and His People: An Exegetical Study of Hebrews 2: 5-18." Vox Evangelica 6 (1969): 54-71.

Grogan, Geoffrey W. "The Old Testament Concept of Solidarity in Hebrews." Tyndale Bulletin 49.1 (1998): 159-73.

Guthrie, George H. and Russell D. Quinn. "A Discourse Analysis of the Use of Psalm 8:4-6 in Hebrews 2:5-9 (1)." Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society (June 2006).

Hahn, Scott. "A Broken Covenant and the Curse of Death: A Study of Hebrews 9:15-22." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 66.3 (2004): 416-36.

Hahn, Scott. "Covenant, Cult, and the Curse-of-Death: Διαθηκη in Heb 9:15-22." Pages 65-88 in Hebrews: Contemporary Methods - New Insights. Edited by Gabriella Gelardini. Leiden: Brill, 2005.

Hahne, Harry Alan. "Theological Assumptions in the New Testament Citations of the Old Testament: Hebrews 1 as a Test Case." Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, 1998; rev. 2004.

Harris, Murray J. "The Translation and Significance of Ο ΘΕΟΣ in Hebrews 1:8-9." Tyndale Bulletin 36 (1985): 129-62.

Harvill, Jerry. "Focus on Jesus: The Letter to the Hebrews." Spirituality Today 37 (1985): 336-47.

Hegg, Tim. "Did the Author of Hebrews Change 'Covenant' to 'Last Will and Testament'?: A Study of 'Covenant' in Hebrews 9."

Hilhorst, A. "Sind die Hebraer trage geworden?: Zu den Aussagen uber die Adreaasaten in Hebr 5 und 6." Filologia Neotestamentaria 12 (1999): 161-66.

Hoppin, Ruth. "Advocates for Priscilla: Responding to Harnack's Theory that Priscilla Wrote the Epistle to the Hebrews."

Hoppin, Ruth. "The Book of Hebrews Revisited: Implications of the Theology of Hebrews for Gender Equality."

Howe, Frederic R. "The Challenge for Spiritual Vision: An Exegesis of Hebrews 12:1-3." Journal of the Grace Evangelical Society 13:24 (Spring 2000).

Hughes, Philip Edgcumbe. "The Blood of Jesus and His Heavenly Priesthood in Hebrews: Part I: The Significance of the Blood of Jesus." Bibliotheca sacra 130 (1973): 99-109.

Hughes, Philip Edgcumbe. "The Blood of Jesus and His Heavenly Priesthood in Hebrews: Part II: The High-Priestly Sacrifice of Christ." Bibliotheca sacra 130 (1973): 195-212.

Hughes, Philip Edgcumbe. "The Blood of Jesus and His Heavenly Priesthood in Hebrews: Part III: The Meaning of the 'True Tent' and "The Greater and More Perfect Tent.'" Bibliotheca sacra 130 (1973): 305-14.

Hughes, Philip Edgcumbe. "The Blood of Jesus and His Heavenly Priesthood in Hebrews: Part IV: The Present Work of Christ in Heaven." Bibliotheca sacra 130 (1973): 26-33.

Hurtado, Art. "Are the Persons Described in Hebrews 6:4-6 Christians?"

Irons, Lee. "Entering God's Rest by Faith: Realized Eschatology in Hebrews 3:7-4:11." 2007.

Irons, Lee. "Redemptive-Historical Preaching." Kerux 16 (2001): 40-45.

Jobes, Karen H. "The Function of Paronomasia in Hebrews 10:5-7." Trinity Journal 13 (1992): 181-91.

Joslin, Barry C. "Can Hebrews Be Structured?: An Assessment of Eight Approaches." Currents in Biblical Research 6.1 (1999): 99-129.

Joslin, Barry. "'Son of Man' or 'Human Beings'?: Hebrews 2:5-9 and a Response to Craig Blomberg." Journal for Biblical Manhood and Womanhood 14.2 (Fall 2009): 41-50.

Kalengyo, Edison Muhindo. "'Cloud of Witnesses' in Hebrews 12:1 and Ganda Ancestors: An Incarnational Reflection." Neotestamentica 43.1 (2009): 49-68.

Kane, R. Bryan. "Zion in Hebrews 12:22-23." 2007.

Keathley, Hampton. "The Argument of Hebrews."

Kincaid, Julian. "The Christology of Hebrews 8-10."

Kobelski, Paul J. "Melchizedek in Hebrews 7." Pages 115-29 in Melchizedek and Melchiresa'. 1981.

Koester, Helmut. "'Outside the Camp': Hebrews 13.9-14." Harvard Theological Review 55 (1962): 299-315.

Kulikovsky, Andrew S. "God's Rest in Hebrews 4:1-11." Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal 13.2 (1999): 61-62.

Kvidahl, Clifford B. "In These Last Days: The Son as the Final Communicative Act of God."

Laansma, John. "'I Will Give You Rest': The Background and Significance of the Rest Motif in the New Testament." Tyndale Bulletin 46.2 (1995): 385-88.

Larm, Terry A. "Hebrews 10:1-18: Jesus Christ, the Final Sacrifice." Theological Gathering 2 (Winter 1997).

Lawrence, John W. "The Five Warnings of Hebrews."

Lincoln, Andrew T. "God's Lethal Weapon (Hebrews 4: 11-13)." Themelios 3.1 (1997): 1-3.

MacLeod, David J. "The Doctrinal Center of the Book of Hebrews." Bibliotheca sacra 146 (1989): 291-300.

MacLeod, David J. "The Literary Structure of the Book of Hebrews." Bibliotheca sacra 146 (1989): 185-97.

Manzi, F. "La fede degli uomini e la singolare relazione filiale di Gesu con Dio nell'Epistola agli Ebrei." Biblica 81 (2000): 32-62.

Martinez, F. Garcia. "Las tradiciones sobre Melquisedec en los manuscritos de Qumran." Biblica 81 (2000): 70-80.

Masters, George. "Sanctuary Symbolism in the Book of Hebrews." Spectrum 11.1.

Mathewson, Dave. "Reading Hebrews 6:4-6 in Light of the Old Testament." Westminster Theological Journal 61 (1999): 209-25.

McKnight, Edgar V. and Christopher Lee Church. "Introduction to Hebrews" and "Introductory Statement of Faith: Hebrews 1:1-4." Pages 7-42 in Hebrews-James. Macon: Smyth & Helwys, 2004.

McNamara, M. "Melchizedek: Gen 14,17-20 in the Targums, in Rabbinic and Early Christian Literature." Biblica 81 (2000): 1-31.

Médaille, John C. "Lost in Translation: Hope and Hypostasis in Hebrews." 2003.

Millard, Alan R. "The Melchizedek Citations in the Letter to the Hebrews." Christian Brethren Research Fellowship Journal 17 (1985): 14-15.

Miller, Merland Ray. "Seven Theological Themes in Hebrews." Grace Theological Journal 8.1 (1987): 131-40.

Morrison, Michael. "Enthymemes in Hebrews."

Morrison, Michael. "The Effective Offering of Jesus: A Study of Hebrews 10:1-10." Textual Criticism. Lexical Details and Translation. Bibliography.

Motyer, Stephen. "The Psalm Quotations of Hebrews 1: A Hermeneutic-Free Zone?" Tyndale Bulletin 50.1 (1999): 3-22.

Mueller, Ekkehardt. "Afraid or Not Afraid?--Hebrews 11:27."

Mueller, Ekkehardt. "The Law and the Gospel." [Has a discussion on Hebrews on pages 21-25]

Murray, John. "The Heavenly Priestly Activity of Christ."

Neyrey, Jerome H. "'Without Beginning of Days or End of Life' (Heb 7:3): Topos for a True Deity." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 53 (1991): 439-55.

Nyende, Peter. "Hebrews' Christology and Its Contemporary Apprehension in Africa." Neotestamentica 41 (2007): 361-81.

Olson, Stanley N. "Wandering But Not Lost." Word & World 5.4 (1985): 426-33.

Orlov, Andrei. "The Heir of Righteousness and the King of Righteousness: The Priestly Noachic Polemics in 2 Enoch and the Epistle to the Hebrews." Journal of Theological Studies 58 (2007): 45-65.

Osborne, Grant R. "The Christ of Hebrews and Other Religions." Journal for the Evangelical Theological Society 46 (2003): 249-67.

Parsons, Mikeal C. "Son and High Priest: A Study in the Christology of Hebrews." Evangelical Quarterly 60 (1988): 195-216.

Peterman, Eric L. "An Anchor for the Soul - Hebrews 6:13-20." Testamentum Imperium 1 (2005-2007).

Proctor, John. "Judgement or Vindication?: Deuteronomy 32 in Hebrews 10:30." Tyndale Bulletin 55.1 (2004): 65-80.

Reid, Richard. Hebrews. Bible Briefs. 2002.

Rhee, Victor (Sung Yul). "Chiasm and the Concept of Faith in Hebrews 11." Bibliotheca sacra 155 (1988): 327-45.

Rhee, Victor (Sung-Yul). "Christology, Chiasm, and the Concept of Faith in Hebrews 10:19-39." Filologia neotestamentaria 16 (2003): 33-48.

Rivas, Luis Heriberto. "La cristologia de la carta a los Hebreos."

Rooke, D. W. "Jesus as Royal Priest: Reflections on the Interpretation of the Melchizedek Tradition in Hebrews 7. Biblica 81 (2000): 81-94.

Rose, Christian. "Verheissung und Erfullung: Zum Verstandnis von επαγγελία im Hebraerbrief." Biblische Zeitschrift 33 (1989): 60-80, 178-91. [Be patient, this is a long download]

Schenck, Kenneth. "The Archaeology of Hebrews' Tabernacle Imagery." SBL 2005 Annual Meeting, Philadelphia. Hebrew Consultation.

Schenck, Kenneth. "Heaven as the True House of God: Intertextual Soundings in Hebrews." SBL Intertextuality in the New Testament Consultation (2008).

Schenck, Kenneth. "The Levitical Cultus and the Partitioning of the Ways in Hebrews."

Scott, Brett R. "Jesus' Superiority over Moses in Hebrews 3:1-6." Bibliotheca sacra 155 (1998): 201-10.

Selvaggio, Anthony T. "Preaching Advice from the 'Sermon' to the Hebrews." Themelios 32.2 (June 2007): 33-45.

Smalley, Stephen S. "The Atonement in the Epistle to the Hebrews." Tyndale Bulletin 7-8 (1961): 28-35.

Smillie, Gene. "'The One Who Is Speaking' in Hebrews 12:25." Tyndale Bulletin 55.2 (2004): 275-94.

Stanley, Steve. "The Structure of Hebrews from Three Perspectives." Tyndale Bulletin 45.2 (1994): 245-71.

Stanley, Steven K. "A New Covenant Hermeneutic: The Use of Scripture in Hebrews 8-10." Tyndale Bulletin 46.1 (1995): 204-06.

Steyn, Gert J. "Psalm 2 in Hebrews." Neotestamentica 37.2 (2003): 262-81.

Steyn, Gert J. "Reconciliation in the General Epistles?" Verbum et Ecclesia 26.1 (2005): 205-21.

Steyn, Gert J. "Vita Christiana volgens Hebreers 10:19-25: Eksegetiese kantaantekeninge." Nederduitse Gereformeerde Teologiese Tydskriff 48.3-4 (2005): 612-20.

Svendsen, Stefan Nordgaard. "Philonic Allegory in Hebrews."

Swetnam, James. "Another Note on ΛΟΓΟΣ as Christ in Hebrews 4,12-13." Filologia Neotestamentaria 18 (2005): 129-33.

Swetnam, James. "The Context of the Crux at Hebrews 5,7-8." Filologia Neotestamentaria 14 (2001): 101-120.

Swetnam, James. "The Crux at Hebrews 5,7-8." Biblica 81 (2000): 347-61.

Swetnam, James. "Εξ ενος in Hebrews 2,11." Biblica 88 (2007): 517-25.

Swetnam, James. "ο αποστολος in Hebrews 3,1." Biblica 89 (2008): 252-62.

Swetnam, James. "των λαληθησομενων in Hebrews 3,5." Biblica 90 (2009): 93-100.

Swetnam, James. "Genesi 22, l'epistola agli Ebrei, e una ermeneutica basata sulla fede." Pontificio Istituto Biblico, 2003.

Tanner, J. Paul. "But if It Yields Thorns and Thistles: An Exposition of Hebrews 5:11-6:12." Journal of the Grace Evangelical Society 14:26 (Spring 2001)

Tanner, J. Paul. "For Whom Does Hebrews 10:26-31 Teach a 'Punishment Worse Than Death?'" Journal of the Grace Evangelical Society 19:37 (Autumn 2006): 57-77.

Tasker, R. V. G. The Gospel in the Epistle to the Hebrews. London: Tyndale, 1956.

Thiessen, Matthew. "Hebrews and the End of the Exodus." Novum Testamentum 49 (2007): 353-69.

Thiessen, Matthew. "Hebrews 12.5-13, the Wilderness Period, and Israel's Discipline." New Testament Studies 55 (2009): 366-79.

Thompson, James W. "The Hermeneutics of the Epistle to the Hebrews." Restoration Quarterly 38 (1996): 229-37.

Tipton, Lane G. “The Eschatology of Hebrews 2:1-4: A Critical Appraisal of the Theonomic Thesis.” Kerux 15 (2000): 3-23.

Tongue, D. H. "The Concept of Apostasy in the Epistle to the Hebrews." Tyndale Bulletin 5-6 (1960): 19-27.

Trobisch, David. "Das Ratsel um die Verfasserschaft des Hebraerbriefes und die Entdeckung eines echten Paulustextes." Pages 320-23 in In Dubio Pro Deo: Heidelberger Resonanzen auf den 50. Geburtstag von Gerd Theissen am 24. April 1993.

Toussaint, Stanley D. "The Eschatology of the Warning Passages in the Book of Hebrews." Grace Theological Journal 3.1 (1982): 67-80.

Vos, Geerhardus. "The Priesthood of Christ in the Epistle to the Hebrews." Part 1. Princeton Theological Review 5 (1907): 423-47.

Vos, Geerhardus. "The Priesthood of Christ in the Epistle to the Hebrews." Part 2. Princeton Theological Review 5 (1907): 579-604.

Vos, Geerhardus. "Hebrews, The Epistle of the Diatheke." Part 1. Princeton Theological Review 13 (1915): 587-632.

Vos, Geerhardus. "Hebrews, The Epistle of the Diatheke." Part 2. Princeton Theological Review 14 (1916): 1-61.

Vos, Geerhardus. "A Sermon on Hebrews 12:1-3."

Vos, Geerhardus. "A Sermon on Hebrews 13:8."

Walker, Peter. "Jerusalem in Hebrews 13:9-14 and the Dating of the Epistle." Tyndale Bulletin 45.1 (1994): 39-71.

Wallace, Daniel B. "Hebrews 2:3-4 and the Sign Gifts."

Wallace, Daniel B. "A Preliminary Exegesis of Hebrews 4:15 with a View toward Solving the Peccability/Impeccability Issue."

Wallace, David. "The Use of Psalms in the Shaping of a Text: Psalm 2:7 and Psalm 110:1 in Hebrews 1." Restoration Quarterly 45 (2003): 41-50.

Wenkel, David H. "Gezerah Shawah as Analogy in the Epistle to the Hebrews." Biblical Theology Bulletin 37 (2007): 62-68.

Westfall, Cynthia Long. "Blessed Be the Ties that Bind: Semantic Domains and Cohesive Chains in Hebrews 1.1-2.4 and 12.5-8." Journal of Greco-Roman Christianity and Judaism 6 (2009): 199-216.

Wider, David. "Die Leidenspaideia Jesu in Hebr. 5, 7f." Shingaku-Kenkyu: Theological Studies 54 (2007): 31-40.

Wright, Brian James. "Jesus as θεος: A Textual Examination." [Has a discussion of Hebrews 1:8 on pages 24-28]

154 Articles


  1. This is a really helpful list -- thanks for posting. Mind if I use it for the NT Gateway Hebrews page or, still better, that I recruit you to edit that page directly?! Thanks, Mark

  2. Yes, that will be fine. I am of course indebted to your site and Robert Bradshaw's site for many of these links, but I have added a few others that I have come across. If you find any others that could be added, I would be grateful if you let me know.

    There are of course numerous other articles that are available through ATLA and JSTOR and journal sites such as JBL, but many of these sites are password-protected or subscription-based. These articles listed here anyone can access.