Tuesday, December 14, 2010
Christology and Hermeneutics
Jon C. Laansma and Daniel J. Treier are editing a collection of essays: Christology and Hermeneutics: Hebrews as an Interdisciplinary Case Study. Library of New Testament Studies. London T & T Clark International. Due out: May 2012.
This is what I have been able to ascertain about the contents thus far:
D. Jeffrey Bingham - a chapter on Irenaeus and Hebrews
Mickey L. Maddox - a chapter on Luther and Hebrews? (I'm guessing)
Kelly M. Kapic, "A Theological Reading of the Book of Hebrews in the Seventeenth Century: John Owen."
Daniel J. Treier and Christopher Atwood, "The Living Word versus the Proof Text? Hebrews in Modern Systematic Theology."
Monday, December 13, 2010
Audio of the 2010 Advanced Expository Preaching Conference
David Allen: Introduction and Structure of Hebrews
Herbert Bateman: Warning Passages in Hebrews
Matthew McKellar: Hebrews 13
Calvin Pearson: Rhetorical Techniques in Hebrews
Steven Smith: Preaching Plan for Hebrews
On a personal note, David Allen mentioned me and my blog at the conference (around the 3:50 mark).
HT: Charles Savelle
Two New Acquisitions
Annang Asumang. Unlocking the Book of Hebrews: A Spatial Analysis of the Epistle to the Hebrews.
The Epistle to the Hebrews utilizes the language of spaces in its expositions and the language of movement in its exhortations, with powerful rhetorical effects; yet few studies have attempted to analyze the book from this perspective. In this study, Asumang employs models from the interdisciplinary social-science investigative methodology of spatiality to analyze Hebrews. He demonstrates that the author of Hebrews interpreted the migrating camp of the Israelites in the wilderness, depicted in the book of Numbers, through a Christ-tinted lens and that the Hebrews writer applied these lessons to the grave pastoral condition of his congregation. When examined from this perspective, the Epistle to the Hebrews proves to be a most potent recipe for spiritual formation and Christian discipleship today."
Timothy W. Seid. The Second Chance for God's People: Messages from Hebrews.
In The Second Chance for God's People: Messages from Hebrews, Quaker pastor and professor Timothy W. Seid encourages today's church to respond to the challenge of Hebrews: first individually by progressing in spiritual and moral maturity, and second collectively by being God's faithful people in the world. In the light of ancient Greek language and rhetoric after having extensively researched Hebrews, Seid interprets the text of Hebrews section by section in an accessible and nontechnical way while also illustrating and applying the meaning of the text for the contemporary church."
Wednesday, December 8, 2010
Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society Articles Available
Bateman, Herbert W. “Two First-Century Messianic Uses of the OT: Heb 1:5-13 and 4QFlor 1.1-19.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 38 (1995): 11-27.
Carr, G. Lloyd. “The Old Testament Love Songs and Their Use in the New Testament.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 24.2 (1981): 97-105.
-Deals with Psalm 45 in Hebrews 1:8-9
Tuesday, December 7, 2010
Albert Vanhoye, L'Epistola agli Ebrei
Saturday, December 4, 2010
Timothy Winder Dissertation on Hebrews
I have found the following dissertation which has now been added to the dissertations page:
Winder, Timothy J. "The Sacrificial Christology of Hebrews: A Jewish Christian Contribution to the Modern Debate about the Person of Christ." Ph.D. diss., Leeds University, 2005.
Update: I have a few more entries to the dissertations page. Several of these dissertations are found on EThOS which requires one register with their service, but the registration is free and so are the electronic downloads.
David Moffitt's Dissertation Online
David McCheyne Moffitt. "A New and Living Way: Atonement and the Logic of Resurrection in the Epistle to the Hebrews." Ph.D. diss., Duke University, 2010.
This one is worth looking at. I thought his paper at SBL was outstanding.
Hebrews Carnival November 2010
Interest in Hebrews among the biblioblogs seems to have diminished to a trickle the last few months.
However, Charles Savelle is commenting, identifying Five Contributions of the Book of Hebrews. He then offers A Brief Summary of Hebrews 1:1-10:18 and some thoughts on Hebrews 1:1-3.
T.C.R. can only shake his head at the note that the Reformation Study Bible makes on the "Warning Passages" in Hebrews.
Jim Allman comments on Access to God in Hebrews 10 here, here, and here.
David Larsen summarizes Silviu Bunta's SBL paper, "The Convergence of Adamic and Merkabah Traditions in the Christology of Hebrews." (I missed this paper, unfortunately, because the paper was not given at the time stated in the program book).
Friday, December 3, 2010
Jordi Cervera Articles
"Esaú, el rebutjat de la comunitat: tradicions jueves en He 12, 16-17."
Well, I discovered some online articles of his, which will posted under electronic articles:
"Hebreus, una exhortació a perseverar." Revista Teologia 23.3 (1998): 299-328.
"Jesús, gran sacerdot i víctima, a Hebreus. Una teologia judeocristiana de la mediació i de l’expiació."
Now to go brush up on my Catalan . . .
Tuesday, November 9, 2010
SBL Group 2010 Annual Meeting
Sunday, October 31, 2010
Hebrews Carnival October 2010
Bill Heroman muses about whether Priscilla wrote Hebrews.
Friday, October 22, 2010
- Steve Motyer in THNTC
- Robert Jewett in NCBC
- R. Hall in RRA
- Scott Hahn and Mary Healy
- John of Damascus and Theodore of Mopsuestia in ACT
- Barry Joslin in FB
- Kevin L. Anderson in NBBC
- Ron Rittgers in RCS
- David Hart in BTC
- D. A. Carson in BECNT
- Cindy Westfall in BHGNT
- Douglas J. Moo in ZEC
- Scott Hahn and Mary Healy in CCSS
- D. Stephen Long in Belief
- Tom Thatcher in NCCS ~2012
- Buist Fanning in EEC ~2015
Of making many books there is no end (Ecc 12:12)! The writer of Ecclesiastes had no idea how true that statement is!
New Article Added
Sharp, Jeffry R. "Philonism and the Eschatology of Hebrews: Another Look." East Asia Journal of Theology 2.2 (1984): 289-98.
Wednesday, October 13, 2010
Robert Gordon Book Available In PDF
Gordon, Robert. Hebrews. Readings: A New Biblical Commentary. 2d ed. 2002.
Monday, October 11, 2010
Karrer Review of O'Brien
O'Brien, Peter. The Letter to the Hebrews. Pillar New Testament Commentay. 2010. Review by Martin Karrer.
Friday, October 8, 2010
Sermons/Bible Studies/Devotionals Page Tab Added
At this point, I feel I need to add a disclaimer (I have included a disclaimer on the sidebar as well). This blog is intended to provide a service to the church and academia. I have provided links to resources that obviously range widely in terms of quality and theological perspective. Posting resources on this blog does not constitute an endorsement of all the views expressed in these resources, nor does it guarantee that all of the sources provided are of equally high quality. This caveat especially applies to the resources provided under this final heading. Many of these resources have been developed by individual, churches, and/or ministries that--generally speaking--do not have the same kind of quality control usually found in most academic circles. I trust that my learned readers will be able to use these resources appropriately and to be able to make their own judgments regarding the quality and accuracy of these resources.
Tuesday, October 5, 2010
New Articles Added
Barclay, William. "The Letter to the Hebrews." Chapter 5 of Many Witnesses, One Lord.
Heard, Richard. "The Epistle to the Hebrews." Chapter 19 of An Introduction to the New Testament.
Just, Felix. "The 'Epistle' to the 'Hebrews.'" Catholic-resources.org.
Koester, Craig. "Conversion, Persecution, and Malaise: Life in the Community for Which Hebrews Was Written." Hervormde Teologiese Studies 61 (2005): 231-51.
Steyn, Gert J. "Addressing an Angelmorphic Christological Myth in Hebrews?" Hervormde Teologiese Studies 59 (2003): 1107-28.
Steyn, Gert J. "Some Observations about the Vorlage of Ps 8:5-7 in Heb 2:6-8." Verbum et ecclesia 24 (2003): 493-514.
Wallace, Daniel B. "Hebrews: Introduction, Argument, and Outline." Bible.org.
Worledge, Paul. "The Centrality of 'Conscience' Terminology in Hebrews 9-10." The Theologian: The Internet Journal for Integrated Theology (2005).
Reflections on Advanced Expository Preaching Workshop
David Allen began with "Introduction and Structure of Hebrews." He briefly discussed the leading candidates for authorship of Hebrews before concluding with the most likely candidate (in his view), Luke. He then went over the structure of Hebrews, beginning with an outline based on the linguistic structures of Hebrews, which becomes the basis for the thematic outline. The thematic outline then can become the framework upon which to build one's expository preaching. Allen is of the conviction that exegesis must precede theology. Hence, when preaching through a book of the Bible, one should determine the overall flow of thought to see how the individual passages fit within the larger argument of the book. Steven Smith built upon Allen's outline to provide a "Preaching Plan for Hebrews." He also provided examples of how to use expository preaching to preach a series based on key words or on thematic elements.
After an outstanding lunch, Herbert Bateman discussed the "Warning Passages in Hebrews." When preaching the warning passages, one should consider the historical context for Hebrews, the literary challenges of Hebrews, before considering the pastoral concern in Hebrews. One must understand how the author of Hebrews weaves together exposition and exhortation. Despite what one might think is going on in the warning passages, Jesus is the focus. He is the regal priest and turning away from him will result in undesirable consequences for the believer. Many of his handouts are pre-published material that will appear in his forthcoming book (2011), Charts on the Book of Hebrews, which will be part of the Kregel Charts of the Bible and Theology series.
Calvin Pearson discussed "Rhetorical Techniques in Hebrews." He contends that "rhetoric is the study of how we are persuaded, based upon how God structure our minds." He identified a few rhetorical techniques and illustrated them in Hebrews. Understanding rhetorical techniques helps us not only to understand what is going on in Hebrews, but also can help us improve our proclamation of the Word of God.
Finally, Matthew McKellar, modeled expository preaching with a sermon on Hebrews 13:9-16 entitled, "We Have An Altar!". He argued that the revolutionary sacrifice of Jesus for you demands a radical surrender from you.
I felt somewhat of a celebrity there. David Allen recognized my name from this blog and then he introduced me and announced this blog to the attendees and so I had a bunch of people come up to me asking for my blog address. So, if you are new to this blog and are reading this, welcome. I will eventually add a tab for links to preaching resources on Hebrews.
Afterward, I had a nice chat with Dr. Allen and we got to know one another a little and we discussed his commentary and some theology. Since, I will be reviewing his commentary shortly, I discussed some of my critiques of his book, and he took it all very graciously. Dr. Allen is not a Calvinist, but he does believe in the doctrine of the perseverance of the saints. I am, of course, an Arminian and don't believe in that doctrine (although I do believe that the saints should persevere). But we were able to discuss our differences amicably. Dr. Allen is a gracious man, who combines confidence with humility--something that more academics should learn to do. I hope that it is the beginning of good friendship with Dr. Allen. I guess this means I'll have to be nice to him when I critique his commentary ;-)
Wednesday, September 29, 2010
Hebrews Papers at ETS 2010
Wednesday, November 17:
Gareth Lee Cockerill (Wesley Biblical Seminary)
‘Justification’ or ‘Perfection’? Salvation in the Letter to the Hebrews
Justification in the NT and Early Fathers
Gareth Lee Cockerill (Wesley Biblical Seminary)
More than Paul: the Justification: Debate and the Letter to the Hebrews
Thursday, November 18:
Letter to the Hebrews Section
Moderator: Herb Bateman (Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary)
Paul Hartog (Faith Baptist Theological Seminary)
Hebrews 2:9 and the “Orthodox Corruption of Scripture”
Joseph R. Dodson (Ouachita Baptist University)
Ethical Exhortations in the Letter to the Hebrews and the writings of Seneca
Todd R. Chipman (Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary)
Where is Exhortation in Hebrews? Discourse Analysis and Genre Division in the Epistle to the Hebrew
Friday, November 19:
Letter to the Hebrews Section
Moderator: Jon Laansma (Wheaton College)
Daniel J. Treier and Christopher Atwood (Wheaton College (IL)
The Living Word versus the Proof Text? Hebrews in Modern Systematic Theology
Mickey L. Mattox (Marquette University)
Martin Luther and Hebrews
Kelly M. Kapic (Covenant College)
Typology, Christology, and John Owen’s Theological Reading of Hebrews
Justification in Paul
Benjamin J. Ribbens (Wheaton College)
Forensic-Retributive Justification in Romans 3:21-26: Paul’s Doctrine of Justification in Dialogue with Hebrews
Friday, September 24, 2010
John Paul Heil - Hebrews: Chiastic Structures and Audience Response
Heil, John Paul. Hebrews : Chiastic Structures and Audience Response. The Catholic Biblical Quarterly Monograph Series 46. Washington, DC : Catholic Biblical Association of America, 2010.
John Paul Heil is professor of New Testament at The Catholic University of America.
Jeffrey Khee - Lecture Notes on Hebrews
Jeffrey Khoo. Hebrews. Lecture Notes. Far Eastern Bible College, Singapore.
A link to these notes has been added to the electronic articles page.
New Hebrews Consultation
The new Hebrews consultation for the International SBL has just been approved. David Moffitt and Eric F. Mason are co-chairs. The group begins with the 2011 meeting in London, and the call for papers will appear on the SBL website shortly.
Monday, September 20, 2010
Steve Motyer on Physical Community in Hebrews
Motyer, Steve. “‘Not Apart from Us’ (Hebrews 11:40): Physical Community in the Letter to the Hebrews.” Evangelical Quarterly 77 (2005): 235-47.
Sunday, September 19, 2010
David Gooding, Unshakeable Kingdom
Gooding, David. Unshakeable Kingdom: An Exposition on the Epistle to the Hebrews. 1989.
David Willoughby Gooding, MA, PhD, professor emeritus of Old Testament Greek at Queen's University Belfast, is a member of the Royal Irish Academy. Professor Gooding travels extensively, giving lectures and, besides academic works, is the author of expository books on Luke, John 13-17, Acts and Hebrews.
Interview with David Allen
Sunday, September 12, 2010
New Articles Added
Redden, Lester. "Hebrews a Petrine Document." Bibliotheca sacra 68.272 (1911): 684-92.
Riley, I. Woodbridge. "The Letters of Junius and the Epistle to the Hebrews: A Comparative Study in Higher Criticism." Bibliotheca sacra 58 (1901): 607-31.
Saturday, September 11, 2010
Review of Lloyd Kim, Polemic in the Book of Hebrews
Lloyd Kim. Polemic in the Book of Hebrews: Anti-Judaism, Anti-Semitism, Supersessionism? Eugene, Oreg.: Wipf & Stock, 2006.
The review is by Lars Kierspel
Friday, September 10, 2010
New Article in NTS
Joshua W. Jipp. "The Son's Entrance into the Heavenly World: The Soteriological Necessity of the Scriptural Catena in Hebrews 1:5-14." New Testament Studies 56 (2010): 557-75.
New Testament Studies, Volume 56, Issue 04, October 2010 pp 557-575
Wednesday, September 8, 2010
Advanced Expository Preaching Workshop On Hebrews
Thinking about attending ...
HT: Charles Savelle
Tuesday, September 7, 2010
SBL 2010 Annual Meeting
1:00 PM to 3:30 PM
Room: Room TBD - Hotel TBDEkkehard Stegemann, Presiding
Fritz Graf, Ohio State University
“You Have Become Dull of Hearing”: Hebrews 5:11 and the Rhetoric of Conversion (30 min)
Pamela Eisenbaum, Iliff School of Theology, Respondent (10 min)
Discussion (10 min)
David M. Allen, Queen's Foundation, Birmingham
Faithfulness in the Things before God: Caleb Typology in the Letter to the Hebrews (30 min)
Gabriella Gelardini, University of Basel, Respondent (10 min)
Discussion (10 min)
James W. Thompson, Abilene Christian University
Strangers on the Earth: Philosophical Perspective on the Promise of God (30 min)
Kenneth Schenck, Respondent (10 min)
Discussion (10 min)
Early Jewish and Christian Mysticism
9:00 AM to 11:30 AM
Room: Hanover Hall F - Hyatt RegencyTheme: Possible Provenances of Merkavah Mysticism
Silviu Bunta, University of Dayton
The Convergence of Adamic and Merkabah Traditions in the Christology of Hebrews (25 min)
Discussion (10 min)
Sabbath in Text, Tradition, and Theology
9:00 AM to 11:30 AM
Room: A705 - Marriott MarquisTheme: The Sabbath in the First and Second Century
Michael Allen, Knox Theological Seminary
Is Hebrews a Supersessionist Text? Sabbath Theology in 3:7-4:13 as Test Case (30 min)
4:00 PM to 6:30 PM
Room: Hanover Hall E - Hyatt RegencyTheme: Emerging Studies
Kenneth Schenck, Presiding
Matthew D. Larsen, Church of the Incarnation (Episcopal), Dallas, TX, USA and Michael Svigel, Dallas Theological Seminary
The First Century Two Ways Catechesis as the Background of Hebrews 6.1–6 (20 min)
Discussion (5 min)
David M. Moffitt, Duke University
Blood, Life, and Purification: Reassessing Hebrews’ Christological Appropriation of Yom Kippur (20 min)
Break (5 min)
Eric F. Mason, Judson University
Hebrews and Second Temple Jewish Traditions on the Origins of Angels (20 min)
Discussion (5 min)
Scott D. Mackie, Independent Scholar
Early Christian Eschatological Experience in the Warnings and Exhortations of Hebrews (20 min)
Discussion (5 min)
D. Jeffrey Bingham, Dallas Theological Seminary
Irenaeus and Hebrews (20 min)
Discussion (5 min)
Discussion (25 min)
9:00 AM to 11:30 AM
Room: Room TBD - Hotel TBDTheme: Ecology and the New Testament
Jeffrey S. Lamp, Oral Roberts University
"We Have an Altar" (Hebrews 13:10): The Reclamation of Reinterpreted Liturgy for Ecological Responsibility (30 min)
Tuesday, August 31, 2010
Hebrews Carnival August 2010
Scott Rushing, a Ph.D. candidate in theology with a specialization in Patristics, has a lectionary reflection on Hebrews 11:1-3, 8-16.
Keith Reich, with his newly-minted Ph.D. in New Testament, has a newly-minted blog on the Rhetoric and the NT. He identifies the rhetorical figures in Hebrews 1:1-4.
The other major theme that emerged this month is the issue of authorship of Hebrews:
Derek Ouellette has an Interview with Ruth Hoppin, Author of Priscilla's Letter. Ruth Hoppin also has a guest post on Hebrews 11:32, the controversial passage often used to dismiss the possibility of a female author for the book. You can read my critique of her argument and our subsequent exchange there.
Derek Ouellette also has a review of David L. Allen's book, Lukan Authorship of Hebrews.
Christianbook.com is doing a Read In for Allen's new book:
Part 1: the Lukan Authorship of Hebrews.
Part 2: Whose [sic] Your Author?.
Part 2 Supplemental.
Linguistics and the Lukan Authorship of Hebrews.
Part 2: Linguistics and the Lukan Authorship of Hebrews.
Stenography in Hebrews?
Allen's "Independent" Hypothesis and Lukan Methodology.
Michael Bird considers some Central Themes in Hebrews.
Steven Coxhead proposes that the Perfecting of Jesus as High Priest took place upon the cross.
Alan Knox has a brief post on the translation of Hebrews 10:24.
Dave Spotts has posted a couple of sermons on Hebrews 11:1-16 and Hebrews 13:1-17.
Saturday, August 28, 2010
Helps from Hebrews
Boatman, Don Earl. Helps from Hebrews: A New Commentary, Workbook, Teaching Manual. 1960.
Boatman was the President of Ozark Bible College in Joplin, Mo.
New Commentary on Hebrews by David L. Allen
Currently, I am working my way through about 65 commentaries or so on Hebrews for my dissertation (all lined up in one long row on my tables in my home office), so the arrival of this commentary is quite timely. In due course I will post a thorough review of this commentary. I also plan to post my recommendations on the best commentaries on Hebrews once I have worked my way through them sometime in the future.
I currently teach a Sunday school class at my local church and we are working our way through the historical books of the OT. I have been generally impressed with the quality of the commentaries in the New American Commentary series. They are readable and thorough in their comments, so they are ideal for pastors to use, yet they are scholarly enough that scholars can benefit from them too. In my estimation it is one of the best overall series on the OT there is (and I have been using commentaries from other series like the AB, OTL, WBC, Interpretation, Tyndale etc.), perhaps matched only by the NICOT. Other series may be more thorough in technical matters, but for preparation for teaching and preaching, this series is tops. So, I expect some good things from this commentary.
The book weighs in at 671 pages so it is quite meaty. The 72-page introduction includes topics on the nature of the book, historical circumstances (authorship, recipients, location, date), purpose, theology, use of the OT, and an outline and structure of the book. The author is dean of the School of Theology, professor of preaching, and director of the Center for Biblical Preaching at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary in Fort Worth, TX. I have heard him speak and he is quite an engaging speaker so I hope his commentary will be equally engaging.
Monday, August 16, 2010
Typology and the Message of Hebrews
Jeffrey R. Sharp. "Typology and the Message of Hebrews." East Asia Journal of Theology 4.2 (1986): 95-103.
HT: Rob Bradshaw
Saturday, July 31, 2010
Hebrews Carnival July 2010
Steven Coxhead has a discussion on The Eternal Nature of the Eternal Covenant in Hebrews. He has a follow-up discussion on When Jesus Became Our Great High Priest after the Order of Melchizedek.
Zondervan has posted an excerpt of the complete chapter on Hebrews from Carson, Moo, and Naselli, Introducing the New Testament.
Arminian Today has a meditation on Hebrews 7:23-28 entitled, Jesus, My Faithful, Perfect High Priest.
Tuesday, July 13, 2010
New Swetnam Article
James Swetnam. "The Crux at Hebrews 2,9 in Its Context." Biblica 91 (2010): 103-11.
Wednesday, June 30, 2010
Hebrews Carnival June 2010
Tuesday, June 29, 2010
In Memoriam: Robert McLachlan Wilson
It is with deep regret we report the passing of Prof. emeritus Robert McLachlan Wilson who suffered a major stroke last week and died on Sunday at Ninewells Hospital in Dundee. He was 94 years old and hadbeen active virtually up to the end of his life. Prof Wilson had been on the staff at the University of St Andrews between 1954 and 1983, when he retired from the chair of Biblical Criticism. A Fellow of the British Academy, he was also awarded its Burkitt Medal for Biblical Studies. In 1981-2 Robin was elected President of SNTS. His scholarship focussed on Nag Hammadi studies, New Testament Apocrypha and the New Testament itself (with his commentary on Colossians & Philemon appearing in 2005!). But equally significant was his work in translation and editing. He was associate editor and then editor of the SNTS Monograph Series and its journal (New Testament Studies) for many years. There were many other significant roles he performed (member of the International Committee for the publication of the Nag Hammadi codices, member of the editorial board of the Nag Hammadi Studies monograph series, and English translator of Hennecke-Schneemelcher's NT Apocrypha).
Wilson also wrote the Hebrews commentary for the New Century Bible Commentary
Tuesday, June 22, 2010
New Books by Mohr Siebeck
Marius Heemstra. The Fiscus Judaicus and the Parting of the Ways.
Marius Heemstra argues that the "harsh" administration of the Fiscus Judaicus under the Roman emperor Domitian (81-96) and the reform of the Fiscus under the emperor Nerva (96-98), accelerated the parting of the ways between Judaism and Christianity, resulting in two separate religions. From 96 CE onwards, Roman authorities used a more pointed definition of "Jew", which made it easier for them to distinguish between Judaism (an accepted religion within the empire) and Christianity (an illegal religious movement). This parting should primarily be interpreted as a break between Jewish Christians and mainstream Judaism. Both parties claimed to be the true representatives of the continuing history of Israel. In this study, the author pays special attention to the Roman and Jewish context of the Book of Revelation, the Letter to the Hebrews, and the Gospel of John, including the debate about the birkhat ha-minim.
The book is based on his 2009 Ph.D. dissertation from the University of Groningen.
Christopher A. Richardson. Pioneer and Perfecter of Faith: Jesus' Faith as the Climax of Israel's History in the Epistle to the Hebrews.
By providing a detailed exegetical examination of the references to Jesus' faith in Hebrews, Christopher A. Richardson demonstrates that this epistle makes a profound contribution to our understanding of the early church's christology. Rather than engaging with the pistis Christou debates in Paul, the author reveals that Jesus' own faith in God in terms of theology is most clearly articulated in Hebrews. He argues that the author of Hebrews has integrated Jesus' example of faith throughout the epistle, with Heb. 12.2 being the climactic illustration of his faith; consequently, the reader is compelled to compare Jesus' perfect example of steadfast confidence with the ancestors of faith in Hebrews 11. It is evident that these have been recapitulated in order to amplify the person and work of Christ, and thus to present the former exemplars as true yet imperfect anticipations of the one who perfectly embodied and expressed the virtue of faith.
This book is based on Richardson's 2009 Ph.D. dissertation at the University of Aberdeen.
Expected August 2010.
Wednesday, June 9, 2010
Getting Copies of PRS
Tuesday, June 8, 2010
My First Publication!
Brian C. Small, "The Use of Rhetorical Topoi in the Characterization of Jesus in the Book of Hebrews." Perspectives in Religious Studies 37.1 (Spring 2010): 53-69.
Here is an abstract of the article:
"This essay examines how the author of Hebrews employs rhetorical topoi to develop the characterization of Jesus. Aelius Theon’s Progymnasmata and Cicero’s De Inventione provide lists of the properties or attributes of persons which can be used in the argumentation of epideictic speeches. By utilizing the rhetorical topoi derived from these lists, a taxonomy is created which helps us organize the author’s conception of the character of Jesus. The author employs these rhetorical topoi to demonstrate Jesus’ excellency and to exalt him above all other human beings. The author urges his audience to adopt his characterization of Jesus so that they could have the confidence and boldness to persevere in their Christian faith."
The article reflects a portion of my dissertation which is examining the characterization of Jesus in Hebrews from a rhetorical and literary perspective. The dissertation of course greatly expands upon what is contained in the article.
I want to publicly thank my advisor, and editor of PRSt, Mikeal Parsons, in whose class I first conceived the topic for this essay; Eric Mason, the editor of this special thematic issue on Hebrews, who accepted my article for publication and made helpful suggestions in editing the article for publication; and Alicia Myers, associate editor of PRSt, who did much of the formatting work to prepare the article for publication.
As noted, this issue of PRSt is a thematic issue on Hebrews. Eric Mason has an introductory essay entitled "Emerging Voices on the Epistle to the Hebrews." Other articles in the issue are:
Eric F. Mason, "The Epistle (Not Necessarily) to the 'Hebrews': A Call to Renunciation of Judaism or Encouragement to Christian Commitment."
Bryan J. Whitfield, "The Three Joshuas of Hebrews 3 and 4."
Amy L. B. Peeler, "The Ethos of God in Hebrews."
David M. Moffitt, "Unveiling Jesus' Flesh: A Fresh Assessment of the Relationship Between the Veil and Jesus' Flesh in Hebrews 10:20."
Mark A. Jennings, "The Veil and the High Priestly Robes of the Incarnation: Understanding the Context of Heb 10:20."
I personally know some of these other people and am proud to have my article appear in the same issue with them.
NT Pod 37 - The Purpose of Hebrews
NT Pod 37: What Is the Purpose of the Epistle to the Hebrews?
What I found most intriguing in his discussion is that he views Hebrews as a kind of circular letter developed out of a sermon. He thinks the exhortations in the book are much too general to be targeted for just one audience. I am not fully persuaded by this as there are places where he appears to know the situation of his audience (e.g., 5:11-12; 10:32-34; 12:4). Also the author expresses a desire to be restored to his readers (13:19) and they have a common acquaintance in Timothy (13:23) and he sends greetings from those from Italy. All this suggests to me that the audience is more specific.
Friday, June 4, 2010
Dunnill Review of The Epistle to the Hebrews and Christian Theology
Tuesday, June 1, 2010
Even More Books Added
Bauer, Georg. Der Schlüssel zum rechten und vollen Verständnisse des paulinischen Hebräer-Briefes. 1867.
Blasche, Johann Christian. Systematischer Commentar über den Brief an die Hebräer. Vol. 1. 1782.
Blasche, Johann Christian. Systematischer Commentar über den Brief an die Hebräer. Vol. 2. 1782.
Cannegieter, Tjeerd. Christologie volgens den brief aan de Hebreën. 1869.
Moll, Carolus Bernardus. Christologiae in Epistola ad Hebraeos scripta proposit. 1854.
Palacio, Miguel de. Enarrationes in Epistolam B. Pauli Apostoli ad Hebraeos .... 1590.
Rollock, Robert. Analysis logica in epistolam ad Hebraeos. 1610.
Zachariae, Gotthilf Traugott. Paraphraseische Erklärung des Briefes an die Hebräer. 1771.
Zwingli, Ulrich. Sermones triginta in undecimum caput epistolae ad Hebraeos: in quo de iustificatione per fidem .... 1592.
Monday, May 31, 2010
Hebrews Carnival May 2010
Alan Knox offers a meditation on Hebrews 2:9-11.
Ruth Ann Reese gives recommendations on building a NT Library for Hebrews-Revelation. Her recommendations for Hebrews includes commentaries by David deSilva, Craig Koester, and Luke Timothy Johnson.
David Alan Black draws attention to an interview with David Allen about his forthcoming books on Hebrews.
New Books Added
Coccejus, Johannes. Epistolae ad hebraeos Explicatio. 1659.
Majus, Johann H. Epistolae ad Hebraeos paraphrasis. 1700.
Pareus, David. In divinam ad Hebraeos S. Pauli Apostoli epistolam Commentarius. 1613.
Peirce, James. Paraphrasis et Notae Philologicae atque Exegeticae in Epistolam ad Hebraeos. 1747.
Friday, May 21, 2010
Claire Clivaz on P126
Claire Clivaz. "A New NT Papyrus: P126 (PSI 1497)." Early Christianity 1 (2010): 158-162.
P126 is the newly discovered manuscript containing portions of Hebrews 13.
HT: Peter Head
Thursday, May 13, 2010
NT Pod 36 - The Epistle to the Hebrews: First Look
NT Pod 36: The Epistle to the Hebrews: First Look
Tuesday, May 11, 2010
New ETS Articles Added
Burns, Lanier. "Hermeneutical Issues and Principles in Hebrews as Exemplified in the Second Chapter." Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 39.4 (1996): 587-607.
Charles, J. Daryl. “The Angels, Sonship and Birthright in the Letter to the Hebrews.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 33 (1990): 171-78.
Dahms, John V. “The First Readers of Hebrews.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 20.4 (1977): 365-75.
Kaiser, Walter C. “The Old Promise and the New Covenant: Jeremiah 31:31-34.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 15.1 (1972): 11-23.
Longenecker, Richard N. “The ‘Faith of Abraham’ Theme in Paul, James and Hebrews: A Study in the Circumstantial Nature of New Testament Teaching.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 20.3 (1977): 203-12.
Miller, Merland Ray. “What Is the Literary Form of Hebrews 11?” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 29.4 (1986): 411-17.
Rhee, Victor (Sung-Yul). “Christology and the Concept of Faith in Hebrews 5:11-6:20.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 43.1 (2000): 83-96.
Scott, J. Julius. “Archēgos in the Salvation History of the Epistle to the Hebrews.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 29.1 (1986): 47-54.
Spencer, William David. “Christ’s Sacrifice as Apologetic: An Application of Heb 10:1-18.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 40.2 (1997): 189-97.
Wallis, Wilber B. “The Use of Psalms 8 and 110 in I Corinthians 15:25-27 and in Hebrews 1 and 2.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 15.1 (1972): 25-29.
Monday, May 10, 2010
Gaffin Article on Sabbath Rest
Gaffin, Richard B., Jr. “A Sabbath Rest Still Awaits the People of God.” Pages 33-51 in Pressing toward the Mark: Essays Commemorating Fifty Years of the Orthodox Presbyterian Church. Edited by Charles G. Dennison and Richard C. Gamble. Philadelphia: Orthodox Presbyterian Church, 1986.
Thursday, May 6, 2010
Bibledex Video on Hebrews
I am quite surprised that Anthony Thiselton chose to give so much attention to the unlikely hypothesis that Priscilla may be the author of Hebrews.
Monday, May 3, 2010
Richard Gaffin's Lectures on the Theology of Hebrews
Friday, April 30, 2010
Hebrews Carnival April 2010
Ken Schenck has a discussion about Hebrews and Hermeneutics. He argues that the author took Psalm 40 which had an original meaning in its context and gave it a new meaning within a next context.
Ken also gives an outline of the Christology of Hebrews.
Ken also opines on what kind of midrash Hebrews 7 is.
Tommy Wasserman announces the publication of his New Commentary on Hebrews in Swedish.
Michael Bird announces the arrival of Peter O'Brien's Commentary on Hebrews. He provides a quote on O'Brien's take on 6:4-6.
Peripherally related to Hebrews, Torrey S announces the publication of Gard Granerod's dissertation, Abraham and Melchizedek: Scribal Activity of Second Temple Times in Genesis 14 and Psalm 110. I am going to ask my library to purchase it.
Scot McKnight endorses Edward Fudges' new book Hebrews: Ancient Encouragement for Believers Today.
Jason reflects on Hebrews 4:1-10 in his post God's Rest and the New Creation. He muses that "entrance into the new creation (the Sabbath that remains for God's people) is not so much an eternity of relaxing, but of one ruling over creation."
Peter Head has two notes on P126.
Rob Bowman does an exegesis of Hebrews 1:1-13 in part 3 of The Great Trinity Debate.
New Article Added
Thayer, J. Henry. "Authorship and Canonicity of the Epistle to the Hebrews." Bibliotheca sacra 24.96 (1867): 681-722.
Wednesday, April 28, 2010
Kenneth L. Schenck. Cosmology and Eschatology in Hebrews: The Setting of the Sacrifice. SNTSMS 143. 2007.
Thursday, April 22, 2010
New Book in French
Jean-Marie Carrière. «Tenez bon !» Relire la lettre aux Hébreux.
Here is the blurb from their blog:
"Les circonstances historiques de la lettre aux Hébreux restent obscures. Sommes-nous après la guerre juive de 70 et le Temple de Jérusalem est-il déjà détruit ? Quoiqu’il en soit, c’est sur fond de graves bouleversements qu’un auteur anonyme décide d’écrire une lettre de « consolation » où il approfondit le mystère du Christ. C’est en fonction de la nouveauté radicale de l’événement «Christ» qu’il repense l’ancien système du sacerdoce et des sacrifices. Voici une lecture pas à pas de sa lettre. Pour entrer dans un mouvement qui, loin de la nostalgie des splendeurs passées, nous tire en avant : «Tenez bon !»"
Jean-Marie Carrière (Né en 1948) est professeur d’Écriture sainte au Centre Sèvres (Facultés jésuites de Paris).
Two New Articles Added
Ladd, Daniel. "Explanation of the ΤΗΣ ΠΡΩΤΗΣ ΣΚΗΝΗΣ, Heb. 9:8." Bibliotheca sacra 14.53 (1857): 46-61.
Mitchell, Edward C. "Whence Came the Quotation in Hebrews I.6?: Και προσκυνησατωσαν αυτω παντες αγγελοι θεου." Bibliotheca sacra 20.78 (1863): 301-11.
HT: Rob Bradshaw
Tuesday, April 13, 2010
Gerald Thomas Kennedy. St. Paul's Conception of the Priesthood of Melchisedech: An Historico-Exegetical Investigation. 1951.
The book is a publication of a dissertation submitted to the Catholic University of America in partial fulfillment for the Doctor of Sacred Theology. As can be seen from the title, the author presumes Pauline authorship. Chapter 1 examines the person and role of Melchizedek in Genesis 14. Chapter 2 gives an interpretation of Psalm 110:4. Chapter 3 investigates the priesthood of Melchizedek in Hebrew 7. Chapter 4 and 5 deal with Melchizedek in the early church fathers and the ancient Jews respectively.
Tuesday, April 6, 2010
Hebrews within Its First-Century Contexts
Recent Trends in Research on Hebrews' Use of OT
George Howard Guthrie (1959- ) is professor of Bible at Union University in Jackson, TN (1990- ). He has written several monographs, commentaries, and articles on the book of Hebrews.
This is the first of two surveys by Guthrie that we will be looking at. This survey is more focused on current trends on the study of Hebrews’ use of the OT. This allows Guthrie to provide adequate summaries and evaluations of the works reviewed. Guthrie’s essay is divided into two unequal parts:
The first part is an introduction “detailing the phenomena surrounding Hebrews’ use of the Old Testament” (272). He first notes that no consensus has arisen regarding the number of OT quotations in Hebrews since the author also employs allusions, usages of biblical language, and general references to the OT. Scholarship needs to bring some sort of clarification to the various appropriations of the OT by Hebrews. Guthrie then offers his own definitions of quotations, allusions, summaries, and echoes (273). He comes up with the following numbers: 35 quotations, 34 allusions, 19 summaries, and 13 echoes (274). Hebrews does not use introductory formulas like Paul; instead the author places scripture in the mouths of God, Christ, or the Holy Spirit.
The second part of the article deals with four trends in Hebrews research:
Text Form: Bleek argued that Hebrews uses a form of the LXX similar to Codex Alexandrinus. Katz questioned Bleek’s argument. Thomas contended that the author used a more primitive text behind Codices Alexandrinus and Vaticanus. Howard claimed that the author used a form of the Hebrew text older than the MT. McCullough argued that one needs to evaluate the recensions used by the author on a book-by-book basis (275). Numerous other explanations can account for the differences in Hebrews’ quotations, including intentional changes by the author for stylistic or theological reasons. Numerous scholars have explored this possibility in recent years (Silva; Leschert; Bateman; Hughes; Enns; Jobes). (276)
Structural “Framing”: Caird suggested that Hebrews is organized according to expositions of OT passages: “Heb. 2 is build around Ps. 8, chs. 3-4 develop from Ps 95, chs. 5-7 play off Ps. 110, and Jer. 31 governs Heb. 8-10" (278). Caird’s suggestion was expanded by R. Longenecker, France, and Walters.
Exegetical Methods: A number of scholars have tried to identify the author’s exegetical methodology. Scholars have explored the following methods: midrash (Leschert; Hayes; Bateman; Ellis; Fitzmyer; Guthrie), chain quotations or haraz (Bateman), example lists (Cosby; Bulley; Eisenbaum), dispelling confusion, reinforcement, implications, capitalizing on the literal sense of the word or phrase, verbal analogy or Gezerah shavah and argument from lesser to greater or Kal vahomer.(Guthrie).
Hermeneutic: Spicq’s contention that Hebrews employs a neo-Platonic dualism has now been called into question (Barrett; Williamson; Hurst). At least seven approaches have arisen exploring Hebrews’ hermeneutical system: 1) Proof-texting: Hebrews disregards the original context of scripture and forces them into the service of Christian proclamation (Weiss). Motyer raised objections to this view; 2) Sensus plenior: the Holy Spirit gives the “understanding of the deeper, christological meaning of the Old Testament text” (284) (Beale); 3) Dialogical Hermeneutics: “Exegesis is for the author of Hebrews the hearing participation in the dialogue that goes on within God and between God and man” (quotation from M. Barth, p. 64; 285); 4) Christ’s preexistence as hermeneutical key (Ellingworth); 5) hermeneutic of permission: “the Old Testament forms ‘permit’ to the new covenant interpreter the meanings that may be found in light of Christ” (287) (G. Hughes); 6) hermeneutic of the living voice: “God is speaking; he speaks old words with new meanings at points” (288) (Blackstone); 7) typology: “correspondences in biblical history between persons, institutions and events” (288) (Enns; Ellis; Caird; France; Motyer).
Young's Survey of Research
Frances Margaret Young (1939- ) is a Methodist minister and Emeritus Professor of Theology at the University of Birmingham (1971-2005).
In this brief entry Frances Young gives an overview of the history of interpretation of Hebrews under five topic headings:
Authorship and Background: Ancient interpreters often attributed Hebrews to Paul, but others attributed it either to Luke, Barnabas, or Clement of Rome. Martin Luther was the first to surmise that Apollos wrote it. Modern scholarship has generally concluded that Paul is not the author. Many other candidates have been proposed including Pricilla, but Apollos remains the most viable suggestion. Modern scholars have questioned the traditional stance that Hebrews was written to Jewish Christians. Some scholars have tried to find connections with the Pauline corpus or with Stephen’s speech in Acts 7. The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls and 11QMelchizedek, in particular, has prompted scholars to look for affinities with the Qumran community. Others have tried to make connections with early Gnosticism.
Platonism and Eschatology: Origen used Hebrews for the justification of his typological exegesis. For him, Christ was the key to the OT. But Origen also believed that Christians were still living in a shadow reality that finds fulfillment in a heavenly, transcendent realm. In modern times scholars have tried to demonstrate Platonic influence on Hebrews’ eschatology, but a more ready explanation can be found in Jewish apocalypticism.
Interpretation of the Hebrew Bible: Modern scholars are embarrassed by Hebrews’ typological exegesis. The author’s interpretation are based the Greek text which has scribal errors and misinterpretations of the Hebrew text. Young apparently believes that Hebrew’s exegesis is arbitrary and quite foreign to the modern reader.
Christology: The Christological controversies of the fourth and fifth centuries highly affected the interpretation of Hebrews. Modern scholars have noted the paradoxical character of Hebrews’ Christology: it has the highest Christology in the NT, apart from John, and yet also has the most realistic portrayal of Jesus’ human nature. The figure of personified Wisdom may underlie Hebrews 1:3. There appears to be some “Adam-typology” in the book.
Paraenesis: Modern scholars have noted the close integration of the author’s expository and hortatory sections which seem to be reflective of an early Christian sermon. It appears to be addressed to a community that is on the verge of giving up perhaps in the face of persecution. Both ancient and modern commentators have picked up on the pilgrimage them of the book.
This overview of the history of interpretation of Hebrews is much too brief to be of much use. Moreover, I found that Young chose at times to focus on idiosyncratic issues that are not reflective of the main issues being debated about the book. There are much better surveys of the history of the interpretation of Hebrews than this piece.
Koester's Survey of Research
Craig Koester (1953- ) has been Professor of New Testament at Luther Seminary in St. Paul, Minnesota since 1986. He has published a commentary on Hebrews for the Anchor Bible Commentary, as well as several articles on Hebrews.
This review of research on Hebrews nicely compliments J. C. McCullough’s two articles of the same year. While McCullough focuses on introductory issues such as authorship, recipients, genre, structure, style, and date, Koester concentrates on the following topics: 1) Commentaries, 2) Literary and Rhetorical Aspects, 3) Historical, Social, and Religious Context, 4) Theological Themes and Major Passages, and 5) History of Interpretation and Influence. Koester’s article concludes with an eight-page bibliography. Koester’s article covers the previous ten years since the publication of Helmut Feld’s survey.
Commentaries: Koester provides brief overviews of English commentaries by Attridge, Lane, and Ellingworth (NIGTC). Passing references are made to Wilson, Ellingworth, Bruce, Kistemaker, and Evans. Koester then makes brief comments on the German commentaries by Weiss, Grässer, Hegermann, and Braun, and the French commentary by Bénétreau. Passing references are made to Laub and März. Basically, Koester enumerates the contents of the introductory sections and excurses and the general layout of each commentary.
Literary and Rhetorical Aspects: Numerous scholars have paid attention to the various literary and rhetorical devices employed by Hebrews (Attridge; Lane; Jobes; Cosby; Lindars; Mitchell). Wills attempts to identify the features of Hebrews’ self-designation as a “word of exhortation,” while Black attempts to relate this form to classical rhetoric. Scholars differ on the type of rhetoric employed in Hebrews: some argue that Hebrews is a kind of deliberative rhetoric (Übelacker; Lindars), while others consider it epideictic (Attridge). Koester remarks that Hebrews does not fall neatly into either category. Scholars have tried to relate the different sections of Hebrews to the parts of ancient speeches.
Regarding structure, Vanhoye proposed a five-part concentric structure of the book, while others hold to a tripartite structure (Michel; Weiss). Various proponents have sided with both proposals. Alternative structures have also been presented by Übelacker and Brawley. Dunnill investigated the relationship between the “forward, linear movement of Hebrews” and its “repetitive or circular quality” (127).
Historical, Social, and Religious Contexts: Scholars agree that the author is unknown (e.g., Attridge; Ellingworth; Grässer; Lane; Weiss). Scholars either date the work before 70 AD (e.g., Bénétreau; Lane; Lindars; Ellingworth) or after it (e.g., Hegermann; Grässer; Isaacs; Weiss). Many situate the recipients of Hebrews in Rome (e.g., Attridge; Bruce; Ellingworth; Lane; Weiss), while Dunnill locates them in Western Asia Minor.
Concerning the social situation of the recipients, scholars have noted that Hebrews is addressed to a specific group within a wider Christian community (Weiss; Lindars) and that they are probably members of a house church (Lane). Scholars have determined that the ethnicity of the recipients were either Jewish (Bruce; Rissei; Feld; Lindars; Isaacs), Gentile (Braun; Weiss; Delville), or mixed (Ellingworth; Grässer). Scholars have surmised various scenarios for the occasion of the writing: crisis of faith triggered by Neronian persecution (Lane); a relapse into Judaism as a means of dealing with their need for atonement (Lindars); moral lethargy (Schmidt); a weariness of the faith of second-generation Christians (Grässer); a “preoccupation with sacred space . . . connected with the loss of Jerusalem and its temple” (129). Attridge argues that the author constructed a complex response to an equally complex situation in which no one problem is the key to understanding the situation.
Regarding Hebrews’ relationship to other early Christian groups, affinities with 1 Peter suggest a common Christian tradition, possibly in Rome (Hurst; Weiss; Attridge; Witherington; Backus). Manson’s proposal of a connection with Hellenistic Christians as exemplified by Stephen in Acts 7 was adopted with modifications by some scholars (Hurst; Lane; Lindars). Many scholars have also tried to locate Hebrews within the larger religious and intellectual context such as Hellenism (including Philo), Gnosticism, and apocalyptic Judaism. Scholars recognize that Hebrews utilizes extra-biblical Jewish sources, but mystic traditions and Samaritan sources are of little help in interpreting Hebrews. Much attention has been given to similarities between Hebrews and the Dead Sea Scrolls, but it is likely that neither the author nor the audience were related to the Qumran community in any way (Lehne; Scholer et al). Greco-Roman sources have also been used to help in the interpretation of Hebrews (Aune; Neyrey; van der Horst).
Theological Themes and Major Passages: Dunnill examined the concepts of sacrifice and covenant from an anthropological perspective. Isaacs investigated the notion of sacred space as a way of drawing together all the themes of Hebrews. Rissi claimed that the problems arising for the recipients of Hebrews originated from their idea of realized eschatology. Lindars contended that Hebrews addresses the audience’s problems of atonement for sin and guilt. Numerous studies have been done on the various aspects of the Christology of Hebrews (Meier; Dunn; Caird; Hurst; Savey), and in particular the author’s high-priestly Christology (Vanhoye; Estrada; Casalini; Laub; Bénétreau; Levoratti; Pursiful). Other studies have focused on the subject of the sanctuary (Lindars; Gordon; Löhr; Koester), the relationship between the high-priestly work of Christ and the priestly understanding of Christian life and community (Vanhoye; Fernάndez; Scholer; Nardoni; Swetnam), or the concept of faith (Hamm; Söding; Attridge; Weiss).
History of Interpretation and Influence: Commentators have examined the canonization process of Hebrews (Weiss; Lane; Ellingworth) and its role within the debates of the early church and the Reformation (Feld). Scholars have also begun to examine the history of Hebrews’ influence “by noting how the text is used in theological, devotional and polemical writings, liturgy and art, as well as in commentaries” (137). Grässer and Feld have engaged in special studies on the history of influence.