Sunday, February 14, 2010

Hebrews Carnival February 2010 - Part 1

We are only halfway through the month of February and already there has been considerable discussion on the Book of Hebrews this month. So, I thought I would make mention of those posts we have thus far, rather than waiting until the end of the month:

Rafael Rodríguez criticizes another scholar who portrays the author of Hebrews as someone who was not bound by cultural constraints, while addressing an audience that was bound. Rather, The author of Hebrews was himself bound in the first century CE.

Joel Watts argues that the author of Hebrews mined the Old Testament for theological truth about Christ and the Church, not historical fact.

Joel Watts also reflects on Hebrews 11:1-3 noting that faith is not merely a belief system but action and commitment.

Steven Coxhead expounds on The Concept of Faith in Hebrews. He concludes that "the concept of faith in the book of Hebrews confesses that Jesus is the Son of God, but it also includes a strong assurance that the fullness of what God has promised will come true (Heb 11:1), which results in power to persevere despite opposition."

Coxhead also ponders the Similarities in the Concept of Faith between Paul and the Author of Hebrews.

Brant Pitre claims that Hebrews does envision a new ministerial priesthood. Hebrews 7:12 suggests a change in the priesthood, not a dissolution. He interprets the "altar" of 13:10 to refer to the Eucharistic sacrifice. The post has provoked a considerable discussion.

Peter Kirk responded with a post of his own, Only One New Priest and Sacrifice, contending that the new priesthood Hebrews envisions is found in only one person, Jesus Christ. Hebrews 13 is not arguing for a special caste of priests offering the sacrifice of the Mass, but indicates that all believers offer up sacrifices of praise and good works.

Phillip Long in his post Hebrews and the New Covenant (Part 1) argues that Hebrews is not supersessionistic. Hebrews does not teach that the Church has replaced Israel, but that the Old Testament promises find their fulfillment in Jesus and the New Covenant. In Part 2 he goes on the state that the New Covenant merely succeeds the Old Covenant chronologically; it is how God is dealing with His people in the present age.

In his discussion of Jesus and the Heavenly Sanctuary, Long notes that Jesus' priesthood and sacrifice is superior because Jesus serves in a heavenly sanctuary.

Long also identifies four things from Hebrews 10:32-39 that the audience of Hebrews suffered in their endurance in the Christian faith.

Long also muses about the midrashic use of The Old Testament in Hebrews.

Ken Schenck exults that his monograph Cosmology and Eschatology in Hebrews: The Setting of the Sacrifice is now available in a more inexpensive paperback. Finally, the book is now within my price range!

Clifford Kvidahl queries What Do Calvin and Arminius Have to do with Auctor? He concludes that one must not impose an anachronistic Calvinist or Arminian reading on the warning passages in Hebrews, but that they must be understood within their literary context.

Brian Tucker reports that Jeffrey Gibson argued at the SBL Midwest meeting that the Sitz im Leben of Hebrews was the Jewish War and that the author was concerned to address "issues of non-violence in the context of the threat of the Roman and Jewish desire for violent revolt by the zealots."

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